当前位置:经管资料网自我学习经济金融世界贸易组织(WTO)的法律和政策(英文2013版)2147页

世界贸易组织(WTO)的法律和政策(英文2013版)2147页

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2015-11-04 11:11:45
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世界贸易组织(WTO)的法律和政策(英文2013版)简介

Contents List of figures Preface Table of WTO cases Table of GATT cases 1 International trade and the law of the WTO 1 I…

Contents
List of figures
Preface
Table of WTO cases
Table of GATT cases
1 International trade and the law of the WTO
1 Introduction

2 Economic globalisation and international trade

2.1 Emergence of the global economy
2.2 A blessing or a curse
2.3 Free trade versus restricted trade

2.4 International trade to the benefit of all

3 The law of the WTO

3.1 International rules on international trade

3.2 Basic rules of WTO law
4 Sources of WTO law

4.1 The Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization

4.2 Other sources of WTO law
5 WTO law in context
5.1 WTO law and international law
5.2 WTO law and national law
6 Summary
Exercise 1: Globaphiles versus Globaphobes
2 The World Trade Organization
2 The origins of the WTO

2.1 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1947

2.2 Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations

3 Mandate of the WTO
3.1 Objectives of the WTO
3.2 Functions of the WTO
4 Membership and institutional structure
4.1 Membership of the WTO
4.2 Institutional structure of the WTO
5 Decision-making in the WTO
5.1 WTO decision-making in theory
5.2 WTO decision-making in practice
5.3 Participation in WTO decision-making
6 Other issues
6.1 Legal status of the WTO
6.2 WTO budget
7 Summary
Exercise 2: To join or not to join
3 WTO dispute settlement

2 Jurisdiction of the WTO dispute settlement system

2.1 Nature of the jurisdiction
2.2 Scope of the jurisdiction

3 Access to the WTO dispute settlement system

3.1 Right of recourse to WTO dispute settlement

3.2 Access of Members other than the parties

3.3 Indirect access to the WTO dispute settlement system

4 Key features of WTO dispute settlement

4.1 Single, comprehensive and integrated system

4.2 Different methods of dispute settlement
4.3 Multilateral dispute settlement

4.4 Preference for mutually acceptable solutions

4.5 Mandate to clarify WTO provisions
4.6 Remedies for breach
5 Institutions of WTO dispute settlement
5.1 Dispute Settlement Body
5.2 Panels
5.3 The Appellate Body

5.4 Other entities involved in WTO dispute settlement

6 Process of WTO dispute settlement

6.1 General observations on the WTO dispute settlement process

6.2 Consultations
6.3 Panel proceedings
6.4 Appellate Body proceedings
6.5 Implementation and enforcement

7 Developing-country Members and WTO dispute settlement

7.1 Special rules for developing-country Members

7.2 Legal assistance for developing-country Members

8 Future challenges to WTO dispute settlement

9 Summary
Exercise 3: Right over might
4 Most-favoured-nation treatment

2 Most-favoured-nation treatment under the GATT 1994

2.1 Nature of the MFN treatment obligation of Article I:1 of the GATT 1994

2.2 MFN treatment test of Article I:1 of the GATT 1994

2.3 Most-favoured-nation treatment obligation and the Enabling Clause of

3 Most-favoured-nation treatment under the GATS

3.1 Nature of the MFN treatment obligation of Article II:1 of the GATS

3.2 MFN treatment test of Article II:1 of the GATS

4 Summary
Exercise 4: Tyres
5 National treatment
2 National treatment under the GATT 1994

2.1 Nature of the national treatment obligation of Article III of the GATT

2.2 National treatment test for internal taxation on like products

2.3 National treatment test for internal taxation on directly competitive or

substitutable products

2.4 National treatment test for internal regulation

3 National treatment under the GATS

3.1 Nature of the national treatment obligation of Article xVII:1 of the

3.2 National treatment test of Article xVII:1 of the GATS

Exercise 5: Beer
6 Tariff barriers
2 Customs duties on imports
2.1 Definition and types
2.2 Purpose of customs duties on imports

2.3 Customs duties as a lawful instrument of protection

2.4 Negotiations on the reduction of customs duties

2.5 Tariff concessions and Schedules of Concessions

2.6 Protection of tariff concessions

2.7 Modification or withdrawal of tariff concessions

2.8 Imposition of customs duties on imports
3 Other duties and charges on imports
3.1 Definition and types

3.2 Rule regarding other duties or charges on imports

3.3 Measures exempted from the rule

4 Customs duties and other duties and charges on exports

4.1 Definition and purpose
4.2 Rules applicable on export duties
5 Summary
Exercise 6: Carlie goes to Europe
7 Non-tariff barriers

2 Quantitative restrictions on trade in goods

2.2 Rules on quantitative restrictions

2.3 Administration of quantitative restrictions

2.4 Special and differential treatment

3 Other non-tariff barriers on trade in goods

3.1 Lack of transparency

3.2 Unfair and arbitrary application of trade measures

3.3 Customs formalities and procedures

3.4 Government procurement laws and practices

3.5 Other measures and actions

4 Market access barriers to trade in services

4.1 Definition and types of market access barriers

4.2 Rules on market access barriers

4.3 Negotiations on market access for services

4.4 Schedules of Specific Commitments

4.5 Modification or withdrawal of commitments

5 Other barriers to trade in services
5.1 Lack of transparency

5.2 Unfair and arbitrary application of trade measures

5.3 Licensing and qualification requirements and technical standards

5.4 Government procurement laws and practices

5.5 Other measures and actions
Exercise 7: Shoe Ease
8 General and security exceptions
2 General exceptions under the GATT 1994

2.1 Key features of Article xx of the GATT 1994

2.2 Two-tier test under Article xx of the GATT 1994

2.3 Specific exceptions under Article xx of the GATT 1994

2.4 Chapeau of Article xx of the GATT 1994

2.5 Policy space for Members to protect other societal values

3 General exceptions under the GATS

3.1 Two-tier test under Article xIV of the GATS

3.2 Specific exceptions under Article xIV of the GATS

3.3 Chapeau of Article xIV of the GATS

4 Security exceptions under the GATT 1994 and the GATS

4.1 Article xxI of the GATT 1994
4.2 Article xIVbis of the GATS
Exercise 8: Tetra Pack containers
9 Economic emergency exceptions

2 Safeguard measures under the GATT 1994 and the Agreement on

Safeguards

2.1 Requirements for the use of safeguard measures

2.2 Domestic procedures and notification and consultation requirements

2.3 Characteristics of safeguard measures

3 Safeguard measures under other WTO agreements

3.1 Safeguard measures under the Agreement on Agriculture

3.2 Safeguard measures under China's Accession Protocol

3.3 Safeguard measures under the GATS

4 Balance-of-payments measures under the GATT 1994 and the GATS

4.1 Balance-of-payments measures under the GATT 1994

4.2 Balance-of-payments measures under the GATS

Exercise 9: Glass producers in dire straits
10 Regional trade exceptions
2 Proliferation of regional trade agreements

3 Regional trade exceptions under the GATT 1994

3.1 Exceptions relating to customs unions
3.2 Exceptions relating to free trade areas
3.3 Interim agreements

3.4 Special and differential treatment of developing-country Members

4 Regional trade exceptions under the GATS

4.1 Requirements for economic integration agreements

4.2 Labour markets integration agree

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